Photo © Chad Coppess


Pronghorn, commonly referred to as antelope, populations in South Dakota persist at lower numbers than were historically present. Pronghorn densities are greatest in the western rangelands of the state but herds exist in most counties west of the Missouri river and some counties directly east of the river. Important habitat features include rolling terrain that allows good visibility and a mixture of grass, forb and shrub forage plants. Pronghorn will also inhabit agricultural lands (e.g., wheat and alfalfa) when interspersed with grassland habitat. Public demand for hunting opportunities is strong and current populations are likely limited by weather extremes of drought and severe winters, decreasing available habitats and social tolerance.

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