Elk are found in the Black Hills and on the prairie in Butte, Bennett and Gregory counties. South Dakota's present-day elk herd consists of over 6,000 Rocky Mountain elk. Only South Dakota residents are eligible to apply for and receive an elk license in South Dakota.
Options for hunters include firearm and archery seasons both inside Custer State Park, and seasons in the Black Hills area outside the park. In addition, there are other areas outside the Black Hills where elk hunting opportunity exists.
The application process for the elk seasons opens in mid April with a late May deadline.
You may apply for any and all seasons for which you are eligible; however for equitable distribution of licenses you will be limited to one elk license for the year. Licenses are drawn in sequence from season to season.
Use the drop down menu above for navigation through these seasons.
The first drawing will be for all eligible applicants. See "License Eligibility" under each season section in the following application instructions. Only one choice may be made per season in the first drawing. You can apply for a second choice in the second drawing. Preference only applies to the first drawing. If you draw your first choice on the first drawing, you will lose eligibility for the specified duration in future years.
Rules for the First Elk Drawing will be:
- Applicants may submit one choice for each of the seven elk seasons that they are eligible for. There will be no second choices processed for the first drawing.
- A nonrefundable application fee must be submitted for each season applied for. For example, if you apply for four different elk seasons on this application form, you must submit $20 with the form.
- The elk drawings will be conducted in the following order. Custer State Park Firearms Any Elk, Custer State Park Archery Elk-Early Season, Black Hills Firearms Elk, Prairie Firearms Elk, Custer State Park Archery Elk-Late Season, Archery Elk and Custer State Park Firearms Antlerless Elk.
- Once an applicant has drawn a permit, they are not eligible for subsequent drawings. However, the individual will continue to receive additional preference for subsequent drawings as an unsuccessful applicant. Only one elk license is allowed per individual per year, and this will eliminate the possibility of any individual drawing two licenses.
- Successful applicants will be sent a certified letter notifying them they were successful and that they now have until a certain date to submit the full license fee to the GFP License Office.
- Successful applicants will lose all preference for that particular season and eligibility for future drawings.
Rules for the Second Elk Drawing (if required) will be:
- Anyone who does not have a current year elk license is eligible for the second drawing, including those individuals that were not eligible for the first drawing.
- Applicants may make a first and second choice for licenses remaining in each particular season after the first drawing.
- The full license fee must be submitted for the second drawing, along with a $5 nonrefundable application fee for each season applied for. For example, if there are licenses remaining and you apply for Black Hills firearms elk antlerless permit and Black Hills archery elk antlerless permit on this form, you must submit $10 in nonrefundable fees plus a $105 license fee ($115 total). The license fee ($105) will be refunded if you are unsuccessful.
- The drawing sequence will follow the same sequence as first elk drawing.
- Tags will be mailed to successful applicants. Unsuccessful applicants will be refunded the license fee.
- Preference points do not apply to the second elk drawing.
Rules for the Third Elk Drawing (if required) will be:
- Anyone who does not have a current year elk license is eligible for the third drawing.
- Rules as described for the second elk drawing also apply to the third drawing.