Fragile Legacy: ï¿½ Rare Animals of South Dakota, ï¿½ Second edition, by: D.E. Ashton and E.M. Dowd. ï¿½ 2006. ï¿½ South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks, Pierre, SD. ï¿½ Report No. 91-04.
Fishes of South Dakota, by: R.M. Bailey and M.O. Allum. ï¿½ 1962. ï¿½ University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
A Field Guide to Montana Fishes, ï¿½ Third edition, by: G.D. Holton and H.E. Johnson. ï¿½ 2003. ï¿½ Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.
Peterson Field Guides: ï¿½ Freshwater Fishes, by: L.M. Page. and B.M. Burr. ï¿½ 1991. ï¿½ Houghton Mifflin Company. ï¿½ New York, NY.
Fishes of the Minnesota Region, Second edition, by: G.L. Philips, W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill. ï¿½ 1991. ï¿½ University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
Natural History ï¿½of Minnesota Fishes, by N. Paulson & J. T. Hatch. 2009. In cooperation with the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources'