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(Elaphe vulpina)

Picture of a fox snake

Area where fox snake is found in South Dakota



  • Yellowish to light brown back with bold blotches
  • Yellowish belly with dark blotches
  • Broad, rounded, unpointed nose
  • Weakly keeled scales; no keels on side of body
  • Divided anal plate
  • Nonvenomous
  • Diet: Small mammal, birds, and their eggs
  • Habitat: Open prairies to woodland river areas
  • Distribution: Extreme southeastern South Dakota